This geographical area is known by the name of Mount "Vùlture", an extinct volcano located in the central area of the southern Apennines, about 60 km from the sea. The area cultivated with olive groves is located on the east- and south/east- facing slopes of Mount Vùlture, protected from cold winter winds. The delimited area extends between an altitude above sea level between 400 and 700 metres and has a continental microclimate, with generally long and cold winters, and short, often dry summers. Rainfall averages 750 mm per year, mostly concentrated in autumn and winter, and continuing into early spring, but there is no lack of rainfall even in late spring and summer. The average annual temperature fluctuates between 14 and 15°C and the coldest months are January and February with average temperatures of 4 - 6 °C, often falling below zero: as demonstrated by numerous authors, the cold climate in the production area results in a higher concentration of polyphenols in the oil.
Volcanic soils are very fertile as they originate from volcanic tuff, rich in phosphorus pentoxide, potassium and lime, in addition to about 6% organic matter.
Another element that characterises the area and this designation of origin is the presence of “Ogliarola del Vùlture”, a native variety that was selected naturally and with the help of olive growers over the centuries, occupying the defined geographical area.
Olive trees in the Vùlture area are not only a productive resource, but also a unique feature of the local landscape and environmental identity. Located on the east and south-facing slopes of Mount Vùlture, olive trees rise on sloping grounds and their action is just as important as that of forests in the mountains, protecting the hydrogeological stability of the soil and human settlements.
Olive trees have been here since antiquity, as emerges from several historical documents available at the State Archives of Potenza, where various statistics and historical reports on the area and olive growing are kept. These documents confirm the presence of olive trees and olive oil production in the Vùlture area since ancient times, as well as the evolution of this production, which has become increasingly important for the local economy.